Quick Reference Guide Poker Basics
Hand Rankings Royal Flush Straight Flush Four of a Kind (Quads) Full House (Boat) Flush Straight Three of a Kind (Trips or Set) Two Pair One Pair High Card Q Ratio C = Current chip stack (C/S) x (P/B) = Q Q  Ratio of less than 1 indicates below average chip stack Use Qratio in conjunction with Mratio MRatio Stack/SB + BB + (total antes) = M M = # of orbits player can survive before being "blinded out" Hand by Hand Odds
10 outs or less: After the flop: N x 4 = P After the turn: N x 2 = X Round X to nearest 10, add 1st digit of rounded result to true value of X Example: 4 x 2 = 8 (round to 10) 8+1 = 9% More than 10 outs: After the flop: (N x 3) + 9 = P After the turn: N x 2 = X Round X to nearest 10, add 1st digit of rounded result to true value of X

QRatio QRatio is used during tournament play to define the relationship between a player's stack to that of the average stack. A Qratio less than 1 indicates a below average chip stack. You can use Qratio in conjunction with Mratio to track your progress during a tournament. Qratio is found by using the following formula:
(C/S) x (P/B) = Q This may sound complex when written out as a formula, but in actual fact this is simply based on ideas and concepts with which most poker players will already be familiar. If you are not used to using these terms, then there are plenty of information sites, such as http://www.onlinepoker.com/ , which will provide you with a basic understanding of what they mean. This is simply a useful formula to help you to understand more about your position within a game, using information which is already available to you. Example: You have 36,000 in chips and began the tournament with 12,000 in chips. There are 9 players remaining; the tournament started with 30 players. (36,000/12,000) x (9/30) = 3 x 0.3 = 0.9 In the above example, your Qratio would be 0.9. This indicates your chip stack has not kept pace with the elimination of players and your chip stack is now below average. You should use your Qratio rating in conjuction with your Mratio range as described below. The above information comes from the following sources:
MRatio A term invented by poker professional Paul Magriel and refined by Dan Harrington, Mratio is defined as the health of a players chip stack in relationship to the cost of playing a hand. It tells you exactly how many orbits (or rounds) a player can survive before being "blinded out."
Mratio is calculated using the following formula: Stack/small blind + big blind + (total antes) = M Example: A player sitting at a 10handed table with $22,000 in chips where blinds were $400/$800 with a $100 ante, would have a Mratio of 10: 22,000/400 + 800 + (100 x 10) = 22,000/2,200= 10 Mratio of 10 at a 10handed table means a player can survive 10 orbits (a total of 80 hands) before being "blindedout." Mratio is helpful when determining whether or not your most effective move is to go allin or make an aggressive raise. Dan Harrington furter refined the Mratio concept by creating the following "zones:" * M > 20  Green Zone *
* 10 < M < 20  Yellow Zone *
* 6 < M < 10  Orange Zone *
* 1 < M < 6  Red Zone *
* M < 1  Dead Zone *
The above information comes from the following sources:
Simple formula for calculating hand by hand odds Whenever you are involved in a hand, use this simple formula to help you calculate your chance of winning the hand. N = number of live outs If less than 10 outs use the following formulas: After the flop: N x 4 = P Example for 9 outs: 9 x 4 = 36% After the turn: Find N x 2 and round value up or down to nearest 10 Example for 9 outs: 9 x 2 = 18; 18 is rounded to 20 Now take result of N x 2 and add it to 1st number of rounded value Example: (9 x 2) + 2 = 20% If more than 10 outs use the following formulas: After the flop: (N x 3) + 9 = P Example for 15 outs: (15 x 3) + 9 = 54% After the turn: Use same formula listed above Let's use an example: You and one other opponent are involved in a hand. You hold AK of spades. The flop comes QsJs6d. You now have a Royal Flush draw, one of the best drawing hands in poker! However, your opponent has just put you allin after the flop and now you have a decision to make. Should you call or fold? First you need to determine how many "outs" you have because you technically have not made a hand yet. There are 12 cards that, if they come, will give you a virtually unbeatable hand: 9 Spades + 3 Tens + 3 Kings + 3 Aces = 18 outs So, you have 18 outs, now plug that info into the formula: (18 x 3) + 9 = 63% That means that you have a 63% chance to hit one of your 18 outs on the turn. Lets say you miss on the turn. That’s OK, you still have those same 18 outs again. So plug them into the correct formula: 18 x 2 = 36; Round 36 up to 40 and complete the equation: 36 + 4 = 40% That means you still have a 40% chance to hit one of your 18 outs on the river. ****Remember that if you are only up against one other player, they have a 60% chance of winning the hand at this point (That was found by taking your 40% and subtracting from 100%). That means you are almost even money to win the hand on the river. Still pretty good odds, especially since you would have had to commit all of your chips to continue the hand. In this example, you've got the right odds to make that allin call.**** If you're ever unsure of your math, use the poker odds calculator on the right. If you've worked the formula properly, the percentages you come up with will be equal to those on the odds calculator!

Odds Calculator Use the Poker Odds Calculator to help you learn your percentage to win ANY hand. To use the calculator, first give yourself a hand by selecting any two cards. Then click on the "Seat 1" space to give that player a hand. Repeat as necessary. If you make a mistake, mouse over the card you wish to change. Follow the same procedure to place cards on the flop, turn, and river. Once you place cards in the flop, any card turning green is one of your "outs." Any card turning red means bad news for you.

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